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2nd Trial Spacecraft Successfully Placed in Orbit: Chandrayaan 2 was launched by ISRO

             welcome as a guest and leave as a friend           Hello, Tech Trending Readers Welcome to our Website Today. I hope you ...

            welcome as a guest and leave as a friend

         
Hello, Tech Trending Readers Welcome to our Website Today. I hope you guys enjoying our 16 Robotic Process Automation (RPA) Benefits from Top Sources [2019]; Tools, Disadvantages, Myths. Our new Topic is Chandrayaan-2 launched successfully on the Second try by Isro; The story, Launch work, Special about Chadrayaan-2, Pragyan rover operates and it's Lifetime, a Success rate of soft-landing on the moon, Reasons for having this mission and study the moon, So let's move into Our Topic.


                           
The story:                

                Chadrayaan-2 had successfully placed the satellite in the Earth Parking Orbit (EPO) with the closest distance from the earth of 170 km and the farthest distance from the earth of 45475 km. Whereas Chadrayaan-1, India's first moon mission was launched on 22nd  October 2008 from Sriharikota using Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV).

                     Chandrayaan-2 was launched on 15th July 2019 from Sriharikota using Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) Mark III rocket. It was developed by Isro. Isro is nothing but an Indian Space Research Organisation.

 Launch work:

➤The height of the orbit will be enhanced until the spacecraft can reach out to the Lunar Transfer Trajectory. 

➤The lander and rover will separate as a unit from the orbiter and through a series of braking mechanisms, the duo will soft-land on the moon on 6th September 2019.


Special about Chandrayaan-2:

➤It will be the first mission to reach and study the south pole of the moon.

➤Chandrayaan-2 is made up of an orbiter, a lander named Vikram. After the founding father of space science research in India is Sarabhai and a rover named Pragyan which means Wisdom.

➤The ISRO's most powerful and massive launcher.

➤Chandrayaan-2 will use rocket technology to soft-land Vikram carrying its Pragyan rover in a suitable high plain on the lunar surface between two craters.

➤That is Manzinus-C and Simpelius-N at a latitude of about 70 degrees South.





➤The moon to complete time, one rotation on its axis is approximately equal to 29.5 earth days of time.

➤This is equal time to complete one orbit around the earth.

➤That's why the same side always faces the earth.

➤Moon days are nearly 14 earth days long.

➤The Vikram lander and Pragyan rover are powered by solar energy, they will be energized during this period by sunlight on the moon.

➤It will be a bonus for the ISRO If the lander rover duo should start after another half rotation when day breaks once again.

➤The mission is not designed to survive this extreme cold, unlike some Chinese and US missions which survived on the 'dark' side of the moon using special sources of warmth.


How will Mission the study the moon?

➤ The mission will produce images of the moon remotely from a 100 km lunar polar orbit by using the Terrain Mapping Camera-2 which is onboard the orbiter.

➤The lunar polar orbit will be in the perpendicular direction
along the lunar north-south direction when the moon rotates about its axis, along its east-west direction.

➤Thus, as the moon rotates, the orbiter gets a view of its entire surface from overhead.

➤This data collected by the orbiter will be used to produce a 3D image of the moon's terrain.

➤The rover will carry two instructions or payloads which will collect and test samples from the moon's surface to identify what elements they contain.

➤The rover moves on six wheels and once let down on the moon, can travel about 500 m from the lander.


 The success rate of Soft-landing on the moon:

           According to the ISRO, there have been 38 attempts so far at 'soft-landing' on the moon with a success rate of 52%.

Reasons for having this Mission and study the Moon:

➤The moon offers a  perfect environment to study.

➤It is also closer than other celestial bodies.

➤Understanding how they formed and evolved can help us better understand the solar systems and even the earth itself.

➤With space travel taking shape and exoplanets being discovered every day, learning more about earth's celestial neighbor can help in advanced missions.

➤Finally, it is a piece of the larger puzzle as to how the solar systems and its planets have evolved.  

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